JKSSB Horticulture Technician Syllabus PDF 2021 | Download Link

Soil-General Concept and importance, soil texture (Social Particles)20 Marks
Plant protection fundamentals:20 Marks
Nursery Management and propagation20 Marks
Orchard Diseases20 Marks
Physiology (Introductory)20 Marks
Fruit Handling and Storage20 Marks
Total120 Marks

Soil General Concept and importance, soil texture

  • Types of Soil- Sandy, Clayey and loam soils and their general properties i.e. water retention, aeration, nutrient status,
  • Soils organic matter- meaning, sources and importance.
  • Soil reaction- meaning, acidic and alkaline soils concepts, their effect on plant growth and management.
  • Plant Nutrients- names of essential macro and micro nutrients, important functions of N,P and K, their deficiency symptoms in plants.
  • Manures- definition, different, types and importance (FYM, compost, Green Manure).
  • Fertilizers- Definition, names of common NPK fertilizers, their nutrient percentage, recommended NPK doses for paddy, maize, sarson, Wheat, Apple and Cherry trees grown in Jammu & Kashmir, their mode and methods of application.
  • Soil Testing- and its importance.
  • Soil erosion- causes, types of erosion, soil conservation a methods with reference to J&K State.
  • Introductory Botany.
  • Plant parts, root, leaf, stem, flower and their functions Modified plant parts with functions,
  • Photosynthesis and Importance.
  • Seed Structure, Importance, Conditions necessary for germination, Minimum Standards for seed certification, Breeder foundation and certified seed.
  • Self and cross- Pollination.
  • Elementary studies of following plant families of economic importance.
    • Graminance (Padey and Maize)
    • Rosacae (Apple)
    • Solanacea (Tomato)
    • Cucurbitaceae
    • (Bottlegourd)
    • Leguminacca (Pea

Plant Protection fundamentals

  • Definition of disease and their causes
  • Symptomology (leaf spot, wilt, blight, mildew, scab etc.) Different management Methods
  • Fungicides: Definitions, types, formulations, names of common fungicides used in Jammu & Kashmir; care in handling.
  • Plant protection equipment, spraying and dusting machines, their working, calibration and maintenance,
  • Definition of insect pest, general morphology of insect Different insect pest viz, borera, bug, gesed, their
  • Economic threshold values
  • Insecticides, definition, types. Formulation, names of common insecticides used in Kashmir, cadre in handling.
  • Insect pest management methods. Extension Education
    • Agri. Extension Education Definition and Importance. Principles, Objectives.
    • Qualities and role of Extension Worker
    • Extension teaching Methods; Classification, approaches i.e., individuals, Group, Mass, discussions, pamphlets, bulletins, charts,
    • diagrams, exhibitions, campaigns, Kissan mela.
    • Brief description of IRDP, SFDA, IAQP, NAEP, KVK with social reference to
    • J&K STATE
    • Farm Planning
    • Village Panchayat and its functions
    • Collections of socio- Economic data; kind of schedules

Nursery Management and Propagation

  • Location, Soil, fencing, nearness to water source, layout of seed bed, nursery bed, stool bed, stratification.
  • Building nursery store and workshop, Store and workshop, tools and implements.
  • Maintenance of nursery.
  • Selection of mother plant for bud wood, root stock. Budding, grafting, layering
  • Fruit production
  • Selection of Orchard site. Layout of Orchard.
  • Orchard floor Management Planting, Training, Pruning.
  • Cultural Practices including irrigation.
  • Cultivation of Apple, Pear, Cherry, Plum, Grapes, Almond, Walnut, Strawberry,
  • Mango and Guava Under following headings;
  • Soil, Commercial varieties, pacing, fertilizers, irrigation, harvesting, yield.

Orchard Diseases

  • Major diseases, Symptoms, damaging stage and control measures of;
  • Apple and pear viz; Scab, Leaf Spot, Mildew Canker. Viz; Stone fruits ( Peach, Plum,
  • Apricot, Cherry, Almond) viz Blight and leaf pots.
  • Walnut viz; Mistletoe etc.
  • Grapes viz; Anthracnose, Mildews.
  • Plants protection –(B)
  • Major Insect Pests, damaging stage, Symptoms and control measures with respect
  • to following fruit plants (under Jammu and Kashmir Conditions);
  • Apple and Pear viz; Sanjose Scale, Borer, Leaf Minor, Aphids mites, Caterpillars.
  • Stone fruits (Peach, Plum, Cherry, Almond, Walnuts) viz; Leaf curing aphids, Chaffer
  • beetle etc.
  • Pomegranate viz; Anar butter fly.

Physiology (Introductory)

Introduction to the subject of postharvest technology; nature and extent of postharvest losses in fruits; Factors responsible for post harvest loss. Factors affecting rate of respiration and transpirations; ripening of fruits, Quality
attributes of fruits.

Fruit Handling and Storage

Harvesting techniques of fruits, criteria for harvest maturity of fruits, principle and techniques of pre-cooling, advantages of scientific grading; grade standards for apple, advantages of fruit packing; use of various packing
materials; principles of refrigerated and controlled atmosphere storage of fruits, transportation of fruits and its problems; Marketing channels of apples.

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